Common myths about the brain [2016/05/24 14:30]

A growing number of people are paying attention to how the brain works in connection with learning. But there are five common myths about the brain, which can have a negative impact on the process of learning.

The first myth is that humans use only 10 percent of their brains. This 10 percent myth is a mere urban legend, scientists say, adding that academic achievement does not improve by simply lighting up “unused” neural circuits in the brain.

The second myth is that there are left-brained and right-brained people. The claim that we have a rational left brain and an intuitive, artistic right side is untrue. Humans use both hemispheres of the brain for all cognitive functions.

The left brain/right brain notion originated from the realization that many people process language more in the left hemisphere and spatial abilities and emotional expressions more in the right.

The third myth is that people must speak one language before learning another. In fact, young children who learn two languages, even at the same time, gain a better general knowledge of language structure as a whole.

The fourth myth is that brains of males and females differ in ways that dictate learning abilities. Differences do exist in the brains of males and females. However, no research has demonstrated gender-specific differences in how networks of neurons become connected when we learn new things.

The fifth and final myth is that each child has a particular learning style. There is no scientific proof yet that some students tend to learn better by favoring a particular form of sensory input.

Scientists say that neuroscience for education is rapidly advancing but there are still many untested and untried methods.
출처: 주니어 영자신문 주니어헤럴드(junior.heraldm.com)