Elephants in Africa faced with extinction [2016/09/21 10:46]

The number of elephants living in Africa continues to drop, a recent survey said.

According to the Great Elephant Census, elephants are facing extinction in parts of the Republic of Congo, Cameroon and Zambia.

The study estimated a population of 352,271 elephants in the 18 countries surveyed, marking a drop of nearly 150,000 elephants since 2007. The result shows that the future of the species is in trouble.

The GEC said ivory poaching was the main reason for the plunging numbers of elephants in most of the countries surveyed.

The study also reported a high number of carcasses -- around 12 for every 100 live elephants -- are being found on protected grounds.

The figure was highest in Cameroon, with 83 carcasses found for every 100 live elephants. Many elephants were killed by poachers for their ivory.

Most of these protected areas for wildlife are located on Africa’s savannahs, a large flat area of land with grass and very few trees.
The GEC was started in 2014. Its mission is to monitor savannah elephants across Africa.

The survey was conducted with the help of airplanes. Researchers in dozens of airplanes counted the animals as they flew over the groups of elephants.

In 1800, there may have been 26 million elephants in Africa alone, although it’s hard to be precise. But today, after years of poaching and habitat destruction, less than half a million roam the African continent.
출처: 주니어 영자신문 주니어헤럴드(junior.heraldm.com)