300 million children breathe toxic air: UNICEF [2016/11/16 11:17]

About 300 million children in the world breathe highly toxic air, the United Nations Children’s Fund said in a recent report. The global organization used satellite imagery to illustrate the magnitude of the problem.

The vast majority of these children, about 220 million, live in South Asia where air pollution is at least six times the level that the World Health Organization considers safe, UNICEF said.

The agency said the children are under serious health risks.

“Children are especially vulnerable because their lungs are still developing,” said Nicholas Rees, the author of the report.

“Early exposure to toxic air has lifelong consequences for them,” he said.

Airborne pollution can be released from fossil fuel combustion and industry, and also includes pollution from natural sources like dust.

Ultrafine particles enter the bloodstream through the lungs, worsening cardiac disease and increasing the risk of stroke and heart failure, in addition to causing severe respiratory problems, like asthma and pneumonia.

Globally, about 7 million deaths are linked to air pollution, 600,000 of them children under 5, the UNICEF report said, citing World Health Organization studies in 2012 and 2015.
출처: 주니어 영자신문 주니어헤럴드(junior.heraldm.com)